Use of c-arm is now an essential part of orthopaedic practice. Use of C-arm fluoroscope in orthopaedics has improved patient outcomes by improving precision in surgery and by reducing surgical trauma by permitting minimally invasive techniques. Radiation Physics Within the x-ray source an electrically heated filament produces electrons. These electrons are accelerated by a … Continue reading Basics of radiation safety for the orthopaedic surgeons
Gout is an inflammatory arthritis caused by deposition and accumulation of monosodium urate crystals in tissues, mainly synovium, cartilage and skin with or without symptoms as a result of long standing hyperuricemia. 90% of gout is due to under excretion and 10% is due to increased synthesis. The stages of gout are hyperuricemia, asymptomatic gout, … Continue reading Gout
Haemophilia is an X-linked genetic coagulation disorder due to deficiency of either coagulation factor VIII or IX. About 80% is due deficiency of factor VIII (Haemophilia A), 15% is due to deficiency of factor IX (Haemophilia B, Christmas disease) and the rest is due to von Willebrand disease. Haemophilia A & B are inherited as … Continue reading Haemophilia for the orthopaedic surgeons
More than two decades back when I did my house surgeoncy, I had tough time with the length of ward rounds. Ward rounds started at 7:45AM and it would continue beyond 12noon without a coffee break. My feet ached, mind was numb with hypoglycemia. In those moments I used to think why rounds can’t … Continue reading Ward Rounds- A recently neglected part of inpatient care
Meniscus lesions, specifically extrusions, were a risk factor for neuropathic pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), results of a pilot study suggested.
The presence of meniscal extrusion on MRI, in both medial (P=0.006) and lateral (P=0.023) compartments, was significantly associated with increasing neuropathic pain (NP) pain scores in knee OA patients, according to Camille Roubille, MD, of the University of Montreal Hospital Research Center in Quebec, and colleagues.
“Our finding of an association between NP and lateral meniscal tear is somewhat unexpected as literature indicates that meniscal tears are not usually associated with symptoms,” the authors wrote.
The multicenter, cross-sectional, observational study included 50…
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Definition Scapular dyskinesia is defined as observable alterations in the static position of scapula or abnormal patterns of motion of scapula during coupled scapulohumeral movements in relation to the thorax. Introduction Due to inhibition or disorganization of activation patterns of scapular stabilizing muscles. Disrupts the normal rhythm of scapulohumeral motion and shoulder kinematics. Associated with … Continue reading Scapular dyskinesis